By M. Wesley
Casualties of the hot international Order contends that the excessive price of failure between post-Cold conflict UN missions are as a result of universal weaknesses that are susceptible to civil battle dynamics. those undertaking weaknesses derive from the excessive point of keep watch over over the missions' mandates and operations wielded by means of mixtures of self-interested and distracted UN member-states. the consequences of those weaknesses if tested within the failed missions in Bosnia, Somalia, and Angola, whereas their absence is saw within the profitable missions to El Salvador, Mozambique, and Cambodia.
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Extra resources for Casualties of the New World Order: The Causes of Failure of UN Missions to Civil Wars
This basic aspect of the conflict dynamic, and the military preponderance of the party with these objectives, were to expose the UN mediators' fundamental weakness, that of having been given objectives that were inappropriate to the situation or their capabilities. Mission Presence and the Military Balance The misdiagnosis of the conflict by the UN inevitably led it to prescribe an inappropriate response. The mediators had been deprived of all flexibility to find a solution to the conflict by the sponsoring coalition's strict instructions.
62 As their primary means of self-help, civil war belligerents manipulate their waging of war and peace and their selection of tactics in a way designed to influence not only their enemies, but all of their interlocutors, in such a way as to advance their interests. This includes UN missions introduced into the civil war environment. The instrumental way in which the civil war belligerents calculate the threats and opportunities presented by their presence, and determine their responses to the UN mission accordingly, has serious ramifications for the success or failure of those missions, and for the importance of the weaknesses in those missions.
The tactical modifications will be calculated to take advantage of the opportunities and to minimize the dangers of the UN presence. The greatest modification in tactics is the abandonment of war by a belligerent that decides to cooperate with the UN mission. This decision is usually linked to the belief that the peace process proposed by the UN will advance and protect its interests more effectively than the continued use of violence. Furthermore, a belligerent will only submit to a peace process that it sees as giving it a reasonable chance of attaining its objectives, and which will protect it if it does not succeed in gaining, sharing, or retaining political power.