By Vasken Dilsizian, Gerald M Pohost
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Additional resources for Cardiac CT, PET and MR
If the study normalizes, this is diagnostic of great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux. If, however, the study continues to be abnormal, deep system incompetence is suggested. 2 Typical photoplethysmography (PPG) tracing. 1 Photoplethysmography venous refilling times. >25 seconds Normal 20–25 seconds Mild venous insufficiency 10–19 seconds Moderate venous insufficiency <10 seconds Severe venous insufficiency V position of the tourniquet could result in a continued abnormal result, producing a false positive for deep vein incompetence.
They complete the circuit between the superficial (N2) and deep (N1) compartments as they perforate the muscular fascia. 13 The term communicating veins should only 25/04/13 7:46 AM Perforating veins 25 GSV PVs of Hunterian femoral Dodd canal Distal GSV Boyd’s } Paratibial PVs Posterior accessory GSV Cockett III Post. 21 Perforating veins. The old perforating names (eponyms) and the correct anatomic names of the Pvs noted. be used to describe veins that interconnect with other veins of the same system (or compartment).
The epifascial tributaries are typically responsible for the visible varicose veins noted on clinical examination. 1New nomenclature of key veins. 1Depiction of the saphenous compartment and Egyptian eye. 10. however most perforating veins are identified using anatomic location descriptors. Agreements on general terminology will be discussed, and specifics regarding the deep, superficial, and perforating vein systems will occur in their respective sections below. General anatomic terms The term peripheral is best used for the segment of the vein that is away from the heart, central, the segment of the vein towards the heart.