Download Artificial Intelligence: What Everyone Needs to Know by Jerry Kaplan PDF

By Jerry Kaplan

Over the arriving a long time, man made Intelligence will profoundly effect the best way we are living, paintings, salary battle, play, search a mate, train our younger, and deal with our aged. it really is prone to significantly elevate our combination wealth, however it also will upend our hard work markets, reshuffle our social order, and pressure our inner most and public associations. finally it might probably regulate how we see our position within the universe, as machines pursue pursuits self reliant in their creators and outperform us in domain names formerly believed to be the only real dominion of people. even if we regard them as unsleeping or unwitting, revere them as a brand new kind of existence or brush off them as mere smart home equipment, is inappropriate. they're prone to play an more and more serious and intimate position in lots of points of our lives.

The emergence of platforms in a position to self sufficient reasoning and motion increases critical questions about simply whose pursuits they're accredited to serve, and what limits our society may still position on their construction and use. Deep moral questions that experience bedeviled philosophers for a long time will unexpectedly arrive at the steps of our courthouses. Can a laptop be held answerable for its activities? may still clever structures take pleasure in self reliant rights and tasks, or are they easy estate? Who can be held accountable whilst a self-driving automobile kills a pedestrian? Can your own robotic carry your house in line, or be pressured to testify opposed to you? If it seems to be attainable to add your brain right into a computer, is that also you? The solutions could shock you.

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Sample text

The vast scale and some of the novel computational techniques that seem to mimic certain aspects of the human brain, suggesting that we may be tantalizingly close to discovering at least some of the hidden secrets of how the mind works. The new data-​centric approach to AI goes by several names, most commonly “machine learning,” though you may have heard it referred to in the press as “big data” or as “neural networks”—​a specific approach to machine learning (but not the only one). What are artificial neural networks?

19 The Intellectual History of Artificial Intelligence 19 Optimism abounded, and successive waves of graduate students fell over each other in an effort to stand out from the pack by demonstrating some amazing new thing that computers could be shown to do, occasionally without adequately framing the concept’s limitations and drawbacks. At SRI, a team of researchers integrated the state of the art in computer vision, mapping, planning, learning, and error recovery (among others) to build Shakey the robot, one of the first autonomous vehicles—​Shakey, a rolling cart, could navigate around the relatively controlled environment of SRI’s labs and halls.

Computer: Yes, the red cube. As impressive as this dialog is, what it fails to communicate is just how fragile question-​answering systems like this were at the time, both in terms of what they could discuss and how limited the inputs had to be. Still, just about anyone—​whether an AI researcher or member of the general public—​could be forgiven for suspecting that human-​level AI was just around the corner. ) But the plain fact is that question-​answering systems, though greatly improved, have failed to live up to this promise, even today.

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