Download An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines by Seyyed Hossein Nasr PDF

By Seyyed Hossein Nasr

This is often the one ebook to house classical Islamic cosmology because it was once formulated by way of the Ikhwan al-S'afa al Biruni and Ibn Sina through the 10th and 11th centuries. those figures motivated all of the later centuries of Islamic heritage and in reality created the cosmological framework during which all later clinical job within the Islamic international was once carried out--the enduring picture of the cosmos during which Muslims have lived up to now millennium.

Nasr writes from in the Islamic culture and demonstrates how, according to the lessons of the Quran and the Prophet, the figures handled during this paintings built-in components drawn from quite a few historical faculties of philosophy and the sciences. This ebook is exclusive in its remedy of classical Islamic cosmology as noticeable from in the Islamic world-view and gives a key for figuring out of conventional Islamic thought.

“…the quantity of educational literature dedicated to the best way in which Muslims in classical and medieval Islam expected the cosmos is negligible. There are, even if, a few noteworthy exceptions. An creation to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines is certainly one of them.” — Parabola

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If the rise of these independent dynasties meant a weakening of the authority of the caliphate, these dynasties nevertheless, accepted at least theoretically, the Sunni caliph and ruled in his name. Such, however, was not true of the Shi'ite Biiyids or Buwaihids39 who ruled Persia from 320/932 to 447/1055. The star of this family began to rise when 'Ali, the son of Buwaih, who was reputed to have descended from ancient Persian kings, was given the governorship of Karaj in 318/930. mad, he was able to expand the domain of his power and within a few years became the ruler of most of central Persia.

They thus succeeded in establishing Shi'ite rule over the lands of the Eastern caliphate for the first time in Islamic history, a rule which they were able to maintain in their family until the Turkish Ghaznawids and Seljuqs once again brought the eastern provinces under Sunni rule. While the Eastern provinces of the Islamic world were being dominated by Shi'ite rulers, Egypt and much of North Africa had also fallen under the sway of Shi'ism, this time in the form of Isma'ilism. The Fatimid dynasty had established itself in Egypt and competed with the caliphs in Baghdad for supremacy in the Muslim worLd.

Regarding the Ishriiqi school and the school of Mulla $adra see also S. H. Nasr, "Suhrawardi," "The School of Ispahan," and "$adr al-Din Shirazi," in A History of Muslim Philosophy, ed. M. M. Sharif (Wiesbaden, 1963-66); and "$adr al-Din Shirazi, his life, doctrines and significance," lndo-Iranica, 14:6-16 (December 1961). See also the monumental work of Corbin, En Islam iranien, 4 vols. (Paris, 1971-1972). 20 PROLOGUE reviving the teachings of Khwajah Na~ir al-Oin al-Tiisi and the other earlier Muslim mathematicians rather than founding a new school.

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