By Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley
Educational inbreeding - appointing one's personal graduates for educational positions - is a debatable yet strangely universal perform the world over. This booklet is the 1st comparative research of the phenomenon - the motives, implications, and way forward for inbreeding.
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Extra resources for Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global Perspectives
Public vs. private and low prestige vs. high prestige), as well as across different programs, courses, disciplines, and so on (Eells and Cleveland 1935a; Clark and Larson 1972; Eisenberg and Wells 2000). The majority of works on the effects of inbreeding are devoted to the consequences of inbreeding on the individual performance of inbred academics, and practically all of them focus on the scholarly 26 Academic Inbreeding: State of the Literature productivity of inbred versus noninbred faculty as one the main indicators of academic performance.
Nevertheless, citation rates of scholars who were hired by a peer institution after initially holding inbred status elsewhere are higher than those of inbred faculty members. The same results were obtained for academics from four Turkish technical institutions: the Hirsh citation index is lower for academics hired from within and, moreover, inbred academics manage fewer scientiﬁc projects compared to outsiders (Inanc and Tuncer 2011). Horta (2013) also reported that inbred faculty in Portugal supervise fewer doctoral theses than noninbred peers, while Mexican data showed that academic inbreeding had no impact on teaching output (measured by number of theses supervised) (Horta, Veloso, and Grediaga 2007).
2001. ” Nature 411: 132. 2 Academic Inbreeding: State of the Literature Olga Gorelova and Maria Yudkevich Introduction The problem of faculty inbreeding has been studied by researchers around the world for nearly a century. This chapter presents a thorough summary of the main studies focused on this phenomenon, beginning with deﬁnitions of inbreeding and a short historical discussion of when and where the ﬁrst interest in inbreeding emerged. The chapter then presents what the literature has to say about possible reasons for inbreeding policies as well as the consequences of such practices.