By Manan Ahmed Asif
The query of ways Islam arrived in India is still markedly contentious in South Asian politics. common money owed middle at the Umayyad Caliphate’s incursions into Sind and littoral western India within the 8th century CE. during this telling, Muslims have been a overseas presence between local Hindus, sowing the seeds of a mutual animosity that presaged the subcontinent’s partition into Pakistan and India many centuries later.
But in a compelling reexamination of the historical past of Islam in India, Manan Ahmed Asif directs recognition to a thirteenth-century textual content that tells the tale of Chach, the Brahmin ruler of Sind, and his kingdom’s later conquest via the Muslim normal Muhammad bin Qasim in 712 CE. The Chachnama has lengthy been a touchstone of Indian historical past, but it's seldom studied in its entirety. Asif deals an in depth and entire research of this crucial textual content, untangling its numerous registers and genres as a way to reconstruct the political imaginative and prescient at its heart.
Asif demanding situations the most tenets of the Chachnama’s interpretation: that it's a translation of an past Arabic textual content and that it offers a background of conquest. Debunking either principles, he demonstrates that the Chachnama was once initially Persian and, faraway from advancing a story of imperial aggression, is a refined and complicated paintings of political concept, one embedded in either the Indic and Islamic ethos. This social and highbrow heritage of the Chachnama is a vital corrective to the divisions among Muslim and Hindu that so usually outline Pakistani and Indian politics at the present time.
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Additional info for A Book of Conquest: The Chachnama and Muslim Origins in South Asia
The scramble ensued among Yildiz, Qabacha, and Iltutmish to claim the major city-forts of Delhi, Multan, Lahore, and Uch. As their armies, consisting of Indic, Turkic, or Iranian troops, roamed from the hills of Peshawar to the plains of Lahore, these sultans rallied Indic, Turkic, or Iranian luminaries, intellectuals, and mystics to their courts in an effort to build political bulwark for their claim of supreme rule. Yildiz was forced out of Ghazna in 1215-1216, and he captured Lahore and marched on Delhi but was defeated and captured by Iltutmish at Tara'in in p16.
1 Chachnama claims to be a translation of an Arabic history and it calls itself a book of conquest (fathnama). This claim was read by colonial historians and archaeologists at face value. They chopped the text into excerpts and then interpreted them as evidentiary blocks for history. This chapter shows that, in fact, the claim of translation and conquest narrative ought to be understood as interlinked claims for authorial significance or the significance of particular literary cultures within elite publics in Sind.
Every third day, Hajjaj's letters reached Muhammad, and Muhammad's letters with news of what he saw in front of him and his thoughts, reached Hajjaj. Arus. Shorten the east-facing support. " The mast was aimed at and broken, and great distress spread through the Unbelievers. They left the fort to attack Muhammad, and he drove them back. He ordered ladders, and men climbed them to the fort wall-the first being a man from the Murad of the people of Kufa. The fight lasted for three days, as Muhammad killed many soldiers there.